IT Support Services

Electrophysiology Studies

Electrophysiology plays a vital role in drug analysis by assessing the effects of pharmaceutical compounds on electrical activity in cells or tissues. It provides valuable insights into how drugs interact with ion channels, receptors, and other cellular components, influencing neuronal excitability, synaptic transmission, and cardiac function. This information helps researchers understand the mechanisms of drug action, evaluate their safety and efficacy, and identify potential side effects or therapeutic benefits.


LeadQuest Biotech Provide Service Below

1.Brain Slice Electrophysiology Studies (mEPSC/mIPSC, LTP/LTD)

Comprehensive investigations into synaptic activity using techniques such as miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSC), miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents (mIPSC), and long-term potentiation (LTP) or long-term depression (LTD).


2.Infrared-guided Brain Slice Membrane Clamp for Brain or Spinal Cord Slice Recording

Precise recording of brain or spinal cord slices using advanced infrared-guided membrane clamping techniques, ensuring accurate data collection.


3.Analysis of Drug Effects on Excitatory or Inhibitory Synaptic Activity

Thorough analysis of drug effects on excitatory or inhibitory synaptic activity, including rapid (ligand-gated ion channel-mediated) or slow (such as GPCR-mediated) synaptic activity recordings.


4.Extracellular Recordings for Long-term Potentiation (LTP) or Long-term Depression (LTD) Studies

Detailed investigations into synaptic plasticity through extracellular recordings, focusing on phenomena like LTP or LTD. For instance, hippocampal slice field potential recordings.


5.Two Electrode Voltage Clamp

In recent years, advancements in molecular biology and electrophysiology have elevated the importance of the oocyte expression system in studying transporters and ion channels. This system facilitates a plethora of experiments aimed at understanding the function and structure of ion channels and receptors.


The Two-Electrode Voltage Clamp (TEVC) system, a fundamental tool in oocyte electrophysiology research, offers precise recordings of membrane currents in giant cells like squid axons and Xenopus oocytes. Primarily utilized for receptor and ion channel studies, TEVC relies on injecting current into the cell membrane through a feedback circuit to maintain a constant membrane potential.


Voltage clamp technology, pioneered by Cole and Marmont and later refined by Hodgkin and Huxley, allows for accurate measurement of ion currents in squid giant axons. Hodgkin and Huxley’s groundbreaking work on nerve pulses and fiber transmission earned them the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1963.


Electrophysiological experiments aim to elucidate ion channel or transporter function at the cellular level. However, the complexity of cellular expression models often poses challenges in isolating individual channel properties. The Xenopus laevis oocyte expression system, proposed by Gurdon in 1971, overcomes these limitations. By injecting DNA or mRNA from various cell species, researchers can study the functional expression of channels, receptors, and other proteins.


Key advantages of the oocyte expression system include:


1)Abundant supply of active oocytes obtained without harm to Xenopus laevis.

2)Ease of oocyte culture without requiring complex equipment.

3)Large, visible cells facilitating DNA and RNA injection.

4)Capability to express RNA from diverse species.

5)Minimal interference from endogenous ion channels, primarily activated by calcium ions.

6)High protein synthesis capacity, making it ideal for expressing exogenous genes.


With its ability to tackle challenging channels like ligand-gated receptors, the oocyte expression system continues to play a crucial role in molecular and electrophysiological research.